Dysgraphia Accommodations
Does your child or yourself struggle with writing?

Dysgraphia Signs

  • May hate writing

  • Stares at the blank paper

  • Letters missing in words

  • Some letters are backward when writing

  • Does much better when you scribe for them

  • Difficulty reading their writing

 

Here are some potential accommodations for grades k-2nd

  • Sentence starters

  • Trying different pencil grips

  • Trying different writing utensils

  • Use lined paper with raised lines

  • Graphic organizer

  • Increased time for test

  • Preferential seating

  • Break writing task into smaller steps

  • Word prediction software for writing

  • Roll picture dice to help brainstorm ideas.

  • Alternatives to essay questions when younger (may continue longer)

  • Learn cursive

  • Wide ruled and highlighted paper

  • Modified spelling test

  • Provide extra test-taking time

  • Someone scribing for the student

  • Never have points taken away for spelling errors

  • Try different writing utensils and sizes

  • Used lined or graph paper for math

  • Speech to Text

  • Skip lines when writing

  • Filling out answers directly on test and not on the scantron

  • Slant board

  • No time limit on test, and test can be taken in a quiet space

  • Use a paperclip to help with spacing between words

  • Complete test verbally instead

  • Alternatives to writing assignments like drawings, videos, etc

  • Palm weights for proprioceptive input

  • Short stretching breaks for hand fatigue (manipulating pliable items during rest can be beneficial too)

  • Modified homework including less writing

  • Math reference sheets with basic math equations

  • Word bank dictionary

  • Personal spelling dictionary

  • Fill in the blank sentences

Here are some potential accommodations for grades 3rd-5th

  • Typing, Typing, Typing

  • Word prediction software for writing

  • Take pictures of notes on board

  • Use a PDF editor 

  • Use of calculator

  • Teachers send home completed study guides and vocabulary prior to starting a new unit

  • Access to technology or similar sheet for finding appropriate synonyms to assist with grade-level context

Here are some potential accommodations for grades 6th-8th

  • Either full teacher notes or full teacher outlines

  • May want to upgrade from a word prediction writing program to a more advanced writing program/add-on for writing assistance that has a plagiarism checker.

Here is a potential accommodation for grades 9th-12th

  • Record lectures when necessary

 

Dysnomia Accommodations
Do you or your child struggle with word retrieval?

        Dysnomia Signs

  • Mixes up common objects when speaking like the word fork for spoon

  • Inability to remember words affects your daily life

  • Does better on multiple-choice questions then fill in the blank

  • Sentence starters

  • Word prediction software for writing

  • Graphic organizer

  • Increased time for test

  • Break writing task into smaller steps

  • Complete test verbally instead of written

  • Provide a visual cue sheet with common words that are used for each assignment or lesson plan

  • Provide an everyday cue sheet with common words broken down into different categories. Pictures can be provided too if needed. Below is a list of examples:

       Playground: slide, swings, monkey             bars       

       Household items: fork, spoon, plate

Copy of Sentence starters Word predictio
  • Word bank for Math problems and words

  • Teacher outlines

  • The new vocabulary list is given ahead of time to take home

  • Quiet space for test/assignments

  • Word bank dictionary

  • Ability to use full notes on any class presentation

  • Modifications to class presentations like pre-recorded videos

  • Open book test

  • Modified test with decreased essays

  • Alternatives to writing assignments like drawings, videos, etc

  • Fill in the blank sentences

  • Word bank provided for fill in the blank test and assignments

  • Preferential seating

Accommodations for
Executive Functioning

 

Self-Monitoring

  • Incorporate a self-monitoring schedule throughout the day to have them reflect on how they are feeling or to check for understanding

  • visual reminder taped inside desk or pencil box for student reminder to check in with teacher if help is needed

  • If a student has several different modes of transportation home you can use a clip on the backpack/binder for the student to remember and eventually self-initiate changing the clips at the start of the school day. 

  • Student can redo homework assignments and test

  • Incorporate a sensory diet schedule with student feedback based on needs throughout the day and classes

  • Outline schedule for the day for the student to check off or follow

  • Student can leave class when overwhelmed or agitated

  • The student completes work in small chunks with the teacher checking for understanding between each section before moving on to the next part of the assignment

 

Impulse Control

  • Have time set aside to draw or circle how the student is feeling throughout the day (this can also help with incorporating a sensory diet into the student’s schedule when working with an OT)

Emotional Control

  • Quiet area for test-taking

  • Use of quiet fidget or sensory devices

  • If the student has sensory struggles, acceptance to wear pajamas every day

  • If a student is overwhelmed in a group setting, the ability to complete group projects independently with fewer requirements.

  • Student has preferential seating

Working Memory

  • Take picture of the board instead of writing everything down

  • Scribing for student

  • Modified assignments

  • Grammar and spelling do not affect grades (assignment graded on content)
  • Provide word banks that relate to assignments

  • Daily Teacher notes provided

  • Ability to use full notes when presenting in class

  • Presenting material to class through other modes of communication like video

  • Word prediction software for writing

  • Roll picture dice to help brainstorm ideas

  • Student will have access to online textbooks for class or actual textbooks

  • Full study notes and vocabulary provided at the start or before each new section

  • Use of audiobooks for grade-level reading if needed

  • Teacher checks in with student after assignment/task is given to ensure understanding (When a student is ready, move on to accommodation below)

  • To continue to increase independence, incorporate graphic check-in for understanding after the assignment is given, student moves paperclip based on need

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Task Initiation

  • Allow student to have a visual of what the end project will look like and all the steps it takes to make the final project

  • Incorporate daily checklist chart

  • The Student can have questions read to them for test

  • The Student can have a scribe for writing assignments over a paragraph

  • Ability to use technology for completing work

  • Longer test-taking time

  • Modified assignments

  • Limit homework

  • Using pictures to break down steps instead of words

  • Sentence starters for writing assignments

Organization

  • If a student has to move around to different classrooms all-day use 1 large ring binder for all classes

  • Desk organizers inside desk

  • Removable or permanent desk attachments for organization and quicker ease to get appropriate tools

  • Removable desk attachments may be preferred for writing utensils if there are busy hands in the classroom. So the student can place organizers in desk when not in use

  • Schedule weekly time for desk cleaning and organization

  • Using the calendar on phone or computer to set up alerts for test and assignments, have student work to check the calendar throughout the day

  • Graphic organizers

  • Turning in homework as soon as it is complete by email

 

Time Management

  • Wear snow boots all day in winter

  • Leaving classroom a couple of minutes early to allow time for dressing and getting backpack ready or transitioning to the next classroom

  • Visual timer for transitions

  • Access to audiobooks for assignments

  • Have student leave the coat in last period class so no need to go back to locker end of the day. (With covid we didn't have access to lockers like in past so this was a good time management skill for older students that transition between classes)

  • Teacher marks due dates on all assignments

  • The teacher will work with the student to set up a calendar with alerts for school reminders like homework, with the student being able to transition to do it independently

  • Limit homework time with parent communicating to the team if homework not completed and student be exempted from the unfinished assignment. 

  • No time limit on tests

Flexibility

  • Have Teacher place arrow sticky notes on an analog clock in class for increased visual cues for class changes or end of day/early dismissal

  • Have visual on the desk for any class changes that may be unique to the student

Dyscalculia Accommodations

Do you or your child struggle with numbers?

Dyscalculia Signs

  • Mixes up addition, multiplication, division, and subtraction when solving equations.

  • Difficulty remembering the multiplication table

  • Counting money is difficult to learn and remember

 
  • Increased time for test

  • Preferential seating

  • Break up math homework and assignments into smaller steps

  • Provide extra test-taking time

  • Reduced math homework, ie student only needs to complete every other math problem to show mastery

  • Record lectures when needed

  • Teacher notes with a breakdown of solving for each type of equation

  • Taking pictures of notes and equations on board

  • Modified test with decreased story problems, reduced questions and/or multiple choice answers

  • Quiet testing area (some students find talking out loud through the math problems helpful)

  • Limit word problems

  • Math fact sheets (brightly colored sheets may be beneficial to help the student find and organize the sheets)

  • No timed fluency math test

  • Extra space on math sheets to show progress

  • The teacher highlights or circles the important parts of the problem including keywords on story problems

  • Index card with formulas written out for math test

  • Access to measurement, pre-measurement, math sheets, and conversion guides for other classes too (science, consumer science, drafting, machinery, engineering, and more)

  • May have the option to record lectures

  • The student may have access to games and math apps that allow them to practice math skills in a different way

  • The student may have access to talking tape measures and scales

  • The student can choose their preferred method to solve math equations (common core vs traditional, etc)

  • Allow testing substitutions, when appropriate, to show mastery including presenting orally

  • One on one testing

  • Sample problems at the student's desk or board while completing work

  • Access to math vocabulary and math reference sheets for all assignments and test

  • Calculator (talking calculator may be appropriate too)

  • Headphones (music or sounds may be needed to reduce background noise)

  • Use visual aids or tactile objects when solving problems.

  • Use of a paper (with a window) to cover up most of what’s on a math sheet or test to make it easier to focus on one problem at a time.

  • Assignments and tests will have more blank space to write problems and solutions

  • Graph paper to help organize thoughts and solve equations (the larger 1-inch grid can be easier for some students)

  • Story problems read to the student

  • Create separate worksheets for word problems and number problems.

Dyslexia Accommodations

Do you or your child have difficulty in phonics, rhyming,  learning to read?

Testing

  • Assignments and tests will have adequate blank space to write problems and solutions

  • Student can redo homework assignments and tests

  • Modified/Adapted test with decreased essays, decreased story problems, reduced questions and/or multiple choice answers

  • Alternatives to writing assignments like drawings, videos, etc

  • No time limit on tests and tests can be taken in a quiet space

  • Word bank provided for fill in the blank tests and assignments

  • Provide word banks that relate to assignments

  • Allow testing substitutions, when appropriate, to show mastery including presenting orally

  • The Student can have questions read to them for tests

  • Filling out answers directly on test and not on the scantron

Homework

  • Time limit on completing homework outside of school

  • Teacher marks due dates on all assignments

Classroom Presentations

  • Ability to use full notes on any class presentation Modifications/Adaptations to class presentations like pre-recorded videos

  • Reader pen, like a C-Pen, to scan text for increased independence Student will have access to online textbooks for class or actual textbooks Access to colored strips or bookmarks to help maintain appropriate line when reading Access to audiobooks for assignments and grade-level reading

Reading

  • Reader pen, like a C-Pen, to scan text for increased independence

  • Student will have access to online textbooks for class or actual textbooks

  • Access to colored strips or bookmarks to help maintain appropriate line when reading

  • Access to audiobooks for assignments and grade-level reading

Classroom

  • Preferential seating

Notes

  • Take picture of the board instead of writing everything down

  • Daily Teacher notes provided

  • Full study notes and vocabulary provided at the start or before each new section

  • May have the option to record lectures

  • Either full teacher notes or full teacher outlines

  • Guided teacher notes (this is the next step after full teacher notes, guided notes are fill in the blank style teacher notes)

  • The vocabulary list is given ahead of time to take home take pictures of notes on board

  • Teachers send home completed study guides and vocabulary prior to starting a new unit

Assignments

  • The student completes work in small chunks with the teacher checking for understanding between each section before moving on to the next part of the assignment (When a student is ready, move on to accommodation below)

  • To continue to increase independence, incorporate graphic check-in for understanding after the assignment is given, student moves paperclip based on their need to yes/no for requiring teacher assistance

  • Another option instead of the paperclip method above is to use visual reminder taped inside desk or pencil box for student reminder to check in with teacher if help is needed

  • Provide visual cue sheet with common words that are used for each assignment or lesson plan

  • Provide a rubric that describes the elements of a successful assignment

  • Allow student to have a visual of what the end project will look like and all the steps it takes to make the final project

  • Student can use blank paper in order to focus on one section at a time on a worksheet or assignment

  • Modified (this wording is used in the U.S.) or Adapted (this wording may be used elsewhere) assignments and homework

  • The teacher highlights or circles the important parts of the problem including keywords on story problems

  • Simplify directions using keywords for the most important ideas

  • Using pictures to break down steps instead of words

  • Highlight essential information on all handouts including assignments and teacher notes

  • Graphic organizers for assignments

Writing/Typing

  • Word prediction software for writing

  • Someone scribing for the student

  • Access to Speech to Text technology

  • Skip lines when writing

  • Break writing tasks into smaller steps

  • Ability to use technology for completing work

  • Use lined paper with raised lines and highlighted lines for increased tactile and visual sensory feedback

  • Fill in the blank sentences for writing assignments to help with increased independence

  • Access to technology or similar sheet for finding appropriate synonyms to assist with grade-level context when writing

  • May want to upgrade from a word prediction writing program to a more advanced writing program/add-on for writing assistance that has a plagiarism checker as student advances in school

  • Sentence starters for writing assignments

Spelling

  • Modified/Adapted spelling test or spelling test removed while working on appropriate intervention program, like Orton Gillingham, with learning disability educator

  • Grammar and spelling do not affect grades, assignments graded on content

  • Personal spelling dictionary

  • The Student can have a scribe for writing assignments